Glossary of terms

Balance sheet – a statement of the assets, liabilities, and capital of a business or other organization at a particular point in time, detailing the balance of income and expenditure over the preceding period.

Change management – the methods and ways in which an organization describes and implements change both for internal and external processes.

Cultural and Linguistically Appropriate Services (CLAS) standards – a set of 15 action steps intended to advance health equity, improve quality, and help eliminate health care disparities by providing a blueprint for individuals and health and health care organizations to implement culturally and linguistically appropriate services.

Collaborator – a person who works jointly on an activity or project.

Data science – an emerging field that blends techniques from computer science, statistics, and epidemiology, among other domains. Data science often focuses on large or novel data sources and the application of sophisticated mathematical methods such as machine learning or natural language processing.

Diversity, Equity, Inclusion and Accessibility (DEIA) – a principle of health equity that incorporates, recognizes, and supports many diverse groups of individuals while treating them fairly and providing resources and services that are available and accessible by all.

Epidemiologic activities – include the performance of tasks integral to the field of epidemiology such as conducting surveillance, performing data analyses, creating and evaluating health interventions, proposing evidence-based policy, ensuring programs and funding are equitably distributed, and supporting health equity initiatives.

Emergency management – the managerial function charged with creating the framework within which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests – a request submitted to a federal agency asking for agency records on any topic.

Health Equity – the attainment of the highest level of health for all people.

Justice – the systematic treatment of all individuals in a fair, respectful, and reasonable manner.

Informatics – the systematic application of information, computer science, and technology to public health practice, research, and learning.

Profit and loss – an account in the books of an organization to which incomes and gains are credited and expenses and losses debited, so as to show the net profit or loss over a given period.

Strategic planning – the creation, implementation, and evaluation of the results of business strategies to meet an organization’s long-term goals.

Strategic prioritization – a defined set of ranked objectives that are used to implement a strategy over time.

System Thinking – a method that focuses on how parts of a system are interconnected and how they relate to other, more complex systems.